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Liste des vins classés de Bordeaux (1855 – Medoc Rouges)

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Liste officielle des crus classés de Bordeaux en 1855

La classification officielle des vins de Bordeaux de 1855 est une liste de références réalisée à la demande de l’empereur Napoléon III pour l’exposition universelle de Paris de 1855.

Histoire de la classification

Exposition universelle de Paris, 1855Le 6 avril 1855, l’Union des courtiers de l’industrie vinicole de Bordeaux reçut une lettre leur demandant d’établir une liste « exacte et complète » des crus de vin rouge du bordelais, ainsi qu’une classification similaire des grands vins blancs.

Ce classement fut établis en fonction de la réputation des châteaux et le prix de leur production basé sur une tradition de près de deux siècles de classification informelle, essentiellement associée à la qualité de ces produits.
Les vins furent classés en importance du premier au cinquième cru. Tous les rouges venaient de la région du Médoc sauf le Château Haut-Brion produit dans les Graves. Les blancs furent limités à la variété liquoreuse des sauternes et barsac sur trois niveaux.

Attention, tous les Margaux ne sont pas des Grands Crus classésPublié pour la première fois le 18 avril 1855, ce classement a connu deux changements depuis la création du classement : en septembre 1855 Château Cantemerle a été ajouté comme cinquième cru, et en 1973 Château Mouton Rothschild obtint de passer de second à premier cru. Depuis, les vignobles ont changé de superficie, sans que cela ne soit pris en compte. Ce classement et les 88 châteaux (61 rouges et 27 blancs) qui en font partie sont un sujet de discussion favori des amateurs.

Attention, tous les « châteaux » ne sont pas des grands crus classés, ni tous les Margaux, Pauillac ou Saint Estèphe, … même s’ils peuvent être des vins de très grande qualité, parfois même supérieur à cette liste établie en 1855.

La liste suivante correspond ainsi à la version actuelle de la classification des rouges :

Premiers crus

  • Château Lafite-Rothschild, pauillac
  • Château Latour, pauillac
  • Château Margaux, margaux
  • Château Mouton Rothschild, pauillac (second cru en 1855, promu en premier cru en 1973)
  • Château Haut-Brion, pessac-léognan, graves (pessac jusqu’en 1986)

Deuxièmes crus

  • Château Rauzan-Gassies, margaux
  • Château Rauzan-Ségla, margaux (anciennement Château Rausan-Ségla)
  • Château Léoville Barton, saint-julien
  • Château Léoville Las Cases, saint-julien
  • Château Léoville Poyferré, saint-julien
  • Château Durfort-Vivens, margaux
  • Château Gruaud Larose, saint-julien
  • Château Lascombes, margaux
  • Château Brane-Cantenac, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château Pichon-Longueville, pauillac
  • Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande, pauillac
  • Château Ducru-Beaucaillou, saint-julien
  • Château Cos d’Estournel, saint-estèphe
  • Château Montrose, saint-estèphe

Troisièmes crus

  • Château Kirwan, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château d’Issan, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château Lagrange, saint-julien
  • Château Langoa Barton, saint-julien
  • Château Giscours, margaux (Labarde-Margaux)
  • Château Malescot St. Exupéry, margaux
  • Château Boyd-Cantenac, margaux
  • Château Cantenac Brown, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château Palmer, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château La Lagune, haut-médoc (Ludon)
  • Château Desmirail, margaux
  • Château Calon-Ségur, saint-estèphe
  • Château Ferrière, margaux
  • Château Marquis d’Alesme Becker, margaux

Quatrièmes crus

  • Château Saint-Pierre, saint-julien
  • Château Talbot, saint-julien
  • Château Branaire-Ducru, saint-julien
  • Château Duhart-Milon, pauillac
  • Château Pouget, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château La Tour Carnet, haut-médoc (St.-Laurent)
  • Château Lafon-Rochet, saint-estèphe
  • Château Beychevelle, saint-julien
  • Château Prieuré-Lichine, margaux (Cantenac-Margaux)
  • Château Marquis de Terme, margaux

Cinquièmes crus

  • Château Pontet-Canet, pauillac
  • Château Batailley, pauillac
  • Château Haut-Batailley, pauillac
  • Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste, pauillac
  • Château Grand-Puy Ducasse, pauillac
  • Château Lynch-Bages, pauillac
  • Château Lynch-Moussas, pauillac
  • Château Dauzac, margaux (Labarde)
  • Château d’Armailhac, pauillac (anciennement Château Mouton-Baronne-Philippe)
  • Château du Tertre, margaux (Arsac)
  • Château Haut-Bages Libéral, pauillac
  • Château Pédesclaux, pauillac
  • Château Belgrave, haut-médoc (St.-Laurent)
  • Château de Camensac, haut-médoc (St.-Laurent) (anciennement Château Camensac)
  • Château Cos Labory, saint-estèphe
  • Château Clerc-Milon, pauillac
  • Château Croizet-Bages, pauillac
  • Château Cantemerle, entré dans le classement en 1856, haut-médoc (Macau)

Il existe également une liste des crus classés en 1855 à propos des vins blancs classés (Sauternes et Barsac).

 

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